Dermatitis is a general term used for common skin rashes, eczemas and inflammation of the skin. It is sorted in many types and groups, depending on the way it has appeared, the areas it affects, the types of skin inflammation that occur with it and many other factors. Here are some of the most common types of dermatitis and their symptoms.
Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is a hereditary illness, mostly common at small ages – with infants and small children, but may occur on adults and older people as well. Atopic eczema is not contagious. It appears from a mixture of factors, mostly depending on genetic heritage and environmental factors such as systematic exposure to polluted and intoxicated areas and bad skin hygiene. This exact illness, even with the most proper curing methods, can last for months or even years.
Irritant contact eczema
This type of eczema occurs when different compounds, chemicals and other objects with negative effect on the skin come in contact with it. It appears when the damage is faster than the skin’s ability to heal itself. In most cases, different irritants come in close contact with the skin at the same time, resulting in removal of skin moisture and exposing it to negative effects, such as painful rashes, blisters, itches and many other negative effects.
Also known as venous eczema, it is an itchy rash on the lower legs, mostly occurring during elderly years. Problems with the veins, such as varicose veins or cloths in that region prevent blood from pumping upwards from muscle movement. That results in blood pooling in the lower legs and causing serious damage both on the skin and in depth.
Allergic contact dermatitis
This exact illness is an itchy reaction of the skin due to reaction with substances which could not be normally handled, such as deodorants, perfume, rubber, hair dye and others. Allergic reactions of the skin to different compounds may vary, sometimes may not even occur, due to the fact that different organisms react in different ways to such substances, and that’s why this disease affects only a small percentage of the population.
This is an inflammatory reaction caused by very dry skin. On some places of the body it may be unnoticeable, but it is usually followed by a severe itch. Most severe cases of this illness include cracking of the skin on a later stage. The best treatment for this type of dermatitis is to use creams and oils which moist the skin, thus preventing the irritation.
There are many other types of dermatitis, some categorized by the location where they appear (otitis externa – affecting the ear canal, eczema affecting the area around the eyes, etc.), others by the types of skin rash and inflammation. The common between all of them is the fact that they can be sustained and cured with hygienic measures and with professional medical help. That is why we should never undervalue the importance of hygiene and the importance of regular medical visitations.